Laparoscopic colon resection surgery is an advanced minimally invasive procedure to remove a diseased section of the colon. Your colon is part of your digestive system. The first part of the colon absorbs water and nutrients from the digested material that comes from the small intestine. As the colon absorbs water from the waste product, the product becomes more solid and forms a stool or feces. The stool moves through the large intestine and passes out of your body when you have a bowel movement. The colon may become diseased because of a variety of conditions including cancer, polyps, diverticulitis, and ulcerative colitis.
Historically, traditional open surgery was the only surgical option for people with colon disease. The traditional open surgery method is invasive and requires a large incision. It is associated with significant pain following surgery, a relatively lengthy hospital stay, and about six weeks for recovery.
Laparoscopic colon resection surgery is an alternative to open traditional surgery methods for some people.
Laparoscopic colon resection surgery is performed with a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a thin viewing instrument with a miniature camera at the end. The laparoscope is inserted through small incisions. The camera transmits images to a video screen, which a surgeon uses to guide the surgery. Thin surgical instruments are passed through the small incisions to perform the procedure. Because only small incisions are necessary for laparoscopic colon resection surgery, this procedure is associated with less pain, less bleeding, fewer complications, fewer days spent in the hospital, and a quicker recovery time than traditional colon resection surgery. Laparoscopic colon resection is also associated with an earlier resumption of normal bowel movements.