An ultrasound, also called a sonogram, is an imaging test that is used to create pictures of internal organs and structures. Ultrasound may be used to examine a woman’s reproductive organs, including the uterus, ovaries, cervix, and vagina. An obstetric ultrasound is used to monitor a pregnancy. A transvaginal ultrasound uses a transmitting device that is placed in the vagina to provide detailed images.
An ultrasound uses sound waves to create images. It uses a small conduction device that is placed on skin or a conduction wand that is inserted into the vagina. The device transmits sound wave information that is translated into pictures on a monitor. Particular images may be saved in the computer or printed out. There are no known risks associated with ultrasound. Unlike X-rays, ultrasound does not involve radiation.
This type of ultrasound is used to provide images of your reproductive organs and structures. It can help your doctor diagnose the cause of pain, abnormal bleeding, menstrual problems, and infertility. It can show the lining of the uterus, ovarian cysts, ovarian tumors, cancer, pelvic infections, and uterine fibroids.
During pregnancy, an ultrasound may be used to monitor fetal growth and the pelvic organs. An ultrasound may show a baby’s heart beat or sex. It may be used to check for Down’s Syndrome or other fetal developmental abnormalities. An ultrasound is useful for diagnosing a multiple pregnancy, miscarriages, placenta problems, tumors, and ectopic pregnancy - an abnormal pregnancy that implants outside of the uterus.